We will remind you that an essay should consist of an introduction, theses, arguments, and conclusion. In this article, we will show you how to write an essay, and our topic for today is the art of eloquence. Let us begin!
Nowadays we are constantly exchanging diverse information, and this exchange is carried out in various ways. In modern times, however sad it is, we have replaced live communication with the Internet and social networks. The person of the 21st century lives in a world of great opportunities, innovative technologies, and everything seems to be good. But along with all of these things, the ability to talk properly and nicely has somewhere disappeared.
A lot of people have long ceased to pay attention to basic grammar or punctuation errors. Unfortunately, it has become the norm. The same happens with speech. One may be talking, but they do not seem to understand what they are trying to convey to the listener. That is a big problem of the modern society. This is where the question arises: “What is eloquence?”
Eloquence as the art of oratory and as a quality of personality is the ability to speak beautifully, inspiringly, stylishly, and, what is most important, to communicate clearly and convincingly.
The science of beautiful and correct speech that will convince any interlocutor is called rhetoric. This discipline is taught in modern schools from primary classes. Being able to properly express your thoughts means to have the most powerful tool for managing people – a word.
The history of oratory began with ancient Greece and was then called “the science of eloquence”. In schools, the science of eloquence was a compulsory subject. It was a part of poetics, which was taught as one of the subjects of “seven liberal arts”. The endless rivalry between Ancient Greece and Rome led to the fact that the great orators are known from both states. The major theorists of ancient rhetoric are Aristotle, Cicero, and Quintilian.
Classical rhetoric was divided into five parts:
1) The finding is the systematization of the content of speeches and arguments that are used in them.
2) The location is the division of the speech into introduction, presentation, development (proof of your view, contradiction and refutation) and conclusion.
3) The verbal expression is the doctrine of the selection and combination of rhetorical tropes and figures.
4) The memorizing.
5) The utterance.
Also, there is a term “oratorical prose” (oratory). It is a live speech processed artistically. Since ancient times, various forms of eloquence have developed: gala (on the occasion), judicial and political speeches, sermons, teaching, scientific eloquence with the development of radio and television, new forms of conversations, interviews, debates.
Oratory speech is a kind of monolog. This is a situation when the speaker refers to a large audience with the purpose of persuasion or suggestion. It is characterized by traditional features of composition, style (and, in general, the use of language means), the relation between verbal and non-verbal (paralinguistic) means of communication.
Since ancient times the study of rhetoric occupied an important place in the education system. In ancient Greece and Rome, schools of rhetoric were senior in the three-level system of education. The first level involved writing, reading and math; the second one involved grammar, reading classics, study of other fields of knowledge; and the third one involved science of eloquence. The initial course of exercises in ancient schools of rhetoric was “progymnasms” – writing fables, stories, maxims, etc. The main course was “the recitation” of speech on fictional subject, in the form of exhortation or performances on a fictitious court case. Earlier schools of rhetoric had to prepare pupils mainly for political careers.
Theorists of Ancient Oratory
Plato contributed greatly to the theory of eloquence. He pointed to the social purpose of the speaker and considered eloquence as a means of finding the truth. Judgments about morality expressed in the Plato’s works Phaedo, Gorgias and Apology of Socrates have retained their value to this day.
The top of the Greek eloquence was marked by the works of Demosthenes (384 BC). After studying the art of oratory, Demosthenes became logograph. It means that he made speeches for others, taught rhetoric, took part in trials and performed at public meetings. He developed a number of important ideas of the essence of eloquence in speech.
Aristotle’s Rhetoric can be considered as the first fundamental work on the theory of oratory. In some chapters of his Poetics, Aristotle also reflected on the specifics of oratory. Here you can read more about Aristotle’s Rhetoric and highly placed art speeches by Sophocles, Socrates, Democritus, Isocrates, Plutarch.
In ancient Greece and ancient Rome, an orator often served as a politician. That was Cicero. He expounded his views on the theory of eloquence in Brutus, Orator, De Oratore. After the fall of the Republic, oratory in Rome went into decline. At this time, talented Roman rhetorician Quintilian who based on the principles of Cicero continued to develop the theory of public speech.
Oratory in Modern Life
Rhetoric is rather ambiguous today. For some people, eloquence is public measurement, one of the criteria of personal assessment; for others, it is a little-known or even completely unknown thing.
It is known that the word sometimes is stronger than the most formidable weapons. So, good speakers are always respected by the people; they have a great authority.
In addition, some jobs simply require the ability of oratory. A career of politician, journalist, lawyer directly depends on their eloquence, oratorical abilities.
Good language skills imply a number of “points”, some “types of abilities”. The most “advanced” of them is good knowledge of a word. Eloquence is the ability to speak the language coherently, logically, nicely. The art of eloquence was valued, is valued and will be valued for all times.
We are sure that this essay was interesting for you and you learned some information about the art of eloquence. We also recommend reading about the technique of manipulation protection.